How Can I Improve My Self-Esteem?


Looking for ways to improve your self-esteem? You’re not alone! It’s normal
to have doubts about yourself during adolescence.

Look what happened to “Lauren” (not her real name) when she dressed
for PE the first day of school. As she tied her tennis shoes, she noticed she
had on two different colored socks — one pink and one white. She was
mortified! What would the other students think when they saw her?

Lauren quickly took the socks off and stuffed them in the left pocket of her
gym shirt. She hated attention of any type and hoped no one would notice. Yet
when she walked into the gym and sat down, a boy who was always obnoxious stood
up, pointed to Lauren, and said, “Hey, girl. Why is your gym shirt so

Lauren looked down. The stuffed socks in her pocket made her look very busty
— on her left side only. With tears running down her face, she stared at the
floor until the teacher excused the class to run laps.

While Lauren normally had good self-esteem, the way she handled this
embarrassing situation is typical of many teens, who may feel insecure in a
large group or among people they don’t know well.

What Is Self-Esteem?

According to Nathaniel Branden, PhD, noted author and expert on the subject,
“self-esteem is the experience of being competent to cope with the basic
challenges of life and of being worthy of happiness.”

Basically, having healthy self-esteem means thinking as highly of yourself
as you think of your friends and peers. Many people have become so used to
negative feedback that we are more aware of our weaknesses than our strengths.
Often, we cannot enjoy our successes — no matter how large or small they might
be — because we think of ourselves as “failures.”

Why Is Self-Esteem Important?

Healthy self-esteem plays a role in almost everything you do. Teens with
high self-esteem have better relationships with peers and adults, feel happier
about their accomplishments, and find it easier to deal with disappointments
and failures. They are more likely to ask for help and support from family and
friends. They’re also more likely to do well in school, setting reasonable
goals and accomplishing them.

As Branden notes, “Positive self-esteem is the immune system of the
spirit, helping an individual face life problems and bounce back from
adversity.” So we can conclude that having high self-esteem is vital during
the turmoil of your teenage years.

We all have a mental image of who we are, what we’re good at, and what our
strengths and weaknesses might be. This self-image plays a role in developing
our self-esteem. Healthy self-esteem is based on your ability
to assess yourself accurately, while still being able to accept and value
yourself unconditionally.

Your daily experiences can certainly affect your feelings about yourself.
The grade you get on an exam, how your friends treat you, the ups and downs in
a romantic relationship — all can have a temporary impact on your

For teens with good self-esteem, these daily “ups and downs” may
lead to temporary fluctuations in how they think about themselves, but only to
a limited extent. But for teens with poor self-esteem, these ups and downs may
make all the difference in the world, leaving them feeling dejected and filled
with negative self-awareness.

The good news is that self-esteem is something you can work on — and

How Can I Build My Self-Esteem?

Before you begin to improve your self-esteem, it’s important to believe deep
down that you can change it. Change doesn’t necessarily happen quickly
or easily, but it can happen. Consider the following tips:

  • Stop thinking bad thoughts about yourself. Instead, celebrate your
    strengths and achievements. Write down five things you do well, and tape it to
    your bedroom mirror. Read the list repeatedly until you can say these five
    things without thinking. Remember this list when you start to feel low, and use
    it to bring yourself back to reality.
  • Beware of perfectionism. Aim for accomplishments, even simple
    ones, rather than perfection.
  • Overlook your mistakes. Forgive yourself for your mistakes and see
    them as learning opportunities.
  • Stop putting yourself down. Don’t beat yourself up for your
    weaknesses. Everybody has them.
  • Try new things. Be proud of new things you learn to
  • Start doing something for others. Try tutoring, volunteer
    work, or mentoring a younger student. When you feel like you can make a
    difference in the world, your self-esteem will soar.
  • Know what you can change, and accept the things you cannot
    . There are certain “givens” in life, such as eye
    color, body type, and race. These are things we all must accept. But if you
    need to, say, lose weight or smile more, you can do something about it. Talk to
    your doctor about a and exercise plan. Practice smiling in a
    mirror and challenge yourself to smile 25 times each day.
  • Stop the “stinking thinking.” In other words, when you hear
    negative thoughts in your head, stop them. One way is to put a rubber band on
    your wrist. Each time you have a negative thought, snap the rubber band. Ouch!
    After awhile, you can “reprogram” yourself to avoid those negative
  • Exercise daily. Exercise boosts endorphins, the body’s
    natural opiates, which make you feel good inside. When you exercise daily,
    you’ll ease stress and feel better about yourself.
  • Remember, no one can “make you” feel bad. Only you can
    make yourself feel bad!

In cases where emotional pain and self-criticizing habits are deep or long
lasting, you might need the help of a counselor or therapist. Or, seek help
from your primary health care provider, who can give you a referral to a
therapist if needed. Mental health professionals can help teenagers change
negative behaviors by teaching positive ones that help to boost self-image.